Panther
Blog

TMJ Temporo Mandibular Joint

Temporo Mandibular Joint (TMJ): The joints between your mandible and your skull, or your jaw joint.

About 60% of the general population has symptoms of TMD at some time in their lives.

TMD has numerous causes:

  • Congenital bony malformations
  • Dental and occlusion problems
  • Direct trauma
  • Neck injuries, such as whiplash
  • Stress

TMD may be the result of a combination of relatively minor and unrelated factors.

Changes in muscle tension around the head or neck can alter the biomechanics of jaw joint opening and closing. This often leads to excessive soft-tissue loading resulting in inflammation and pain of the joint. Excessive loading and pain may also arise following some dental procedures requiring the jaw to be held open for long periods.

Some patients experience the onset of TMJ discomfort after wearing braces for some time. This is due to the change in alignment of your teeth and jaw – termed occlusion.

TMD is diagnosed through patient history & physical examination. If a physical examination suggests TMD, an X-ray of the TMJ’s may be beneficial. Your dental practitioner or physical therapist are best qualified to consult about radiographic imaging.

Signs and Symptoms of TMD:

  • Jaw discomfort and/or clicking/catching of the jaw.
  • Headaches and neck pain.
  • Pain when talking, yawning, chewing.
  • History of grinding or clenching teeth.
  • Ear Pain.

There are many causes of TMD. successful treatment depends on the type of problem you have.

Treatment may include:

  • Physical Therapy and Soft Tissue Management
    • Therapeutic modalities (ultrasound, laser, EMS) to reduce local tissue irritation.
    • Icing to decrease the inflammation and relieve the pain.
    • Neck treatment and stretching exercises along with retraining exercises for your jaw muscles.
    • If you’ve had jaw surgery the therapist may also mobilize the joints to improve jaw opening.
  • Splint Therapy
    • Dental practitioners may recommend splint therapy.
    • There are many types of splints and your dental practitioner will fit and adjust the appropriate one for your needs.
  • Orthodontics (Braces)
    • Improve the alignment of the teeth to decrease stress on the jaw.
  • Surgery
    • In some cases surgery is recommended to correct jaw alignment or to repair problems within the jaw joint itself.
  • Behavioral Modification
    • As with all illnesses, improving your diet, regular aerobic exercise, and techniques to reduce stress can be helpful in lessening the impact of TMD on your life.

Overall, your dental practitioner and physical therapist working together can identify and treat many of the issues related to your jaw function.

***This information is not intended as a substitute for medical treatment. Before starting an exercise program, consult a physical therapist. All images authorized by, and copyright of Primal Picture Ltd.

Why Choose Panther Sports

Panther Sports Medicine has been serving Calgary for over 30 years! We are locally owned and operated. We offer comprehensive, professional rehabilitation services. Our staff is highly trained in the latest and most effective treatment options. With a wide variety of services and skills, we will get you back to your normal life as soon as possible.
Personalized Service
Educated Professionals
Compassionate Staff
State of the Art Centres
Panther Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Centres is a physical therapist owned and operated rehabilitation company. We are a network of nine rehabilitation centres located throughout the city of Calgary that offer a wide range of programs and services to help our patients restore and maximize their physical capabilities.
book online now
COUNTRY HILLS
403-226-5733

11950 Country Village Link NE
Calgary, AB
OAKRIDGE
403-258-2659

10003 - 24th Street SW
Calgary, AB
CRANSTON MARKET
403-455-1888

2010, 356 Cranston Road SE
Calgary, AB
TRICO CENTRE
403-278-5311

11150 Bonaventure Drive SE
Calgary, AB
SETON
403-764-6337

4995 Market Street SE
Calgary, AB
MALBOROUGH MALL
403-272-4202

425 Malborough Way NE
Calgary, AB
SOUTH FISH CREEK
403-225-0210

333 Shawville Blvd SE
Calgary, AB
MCKENZIE TOWNE
403-257-6238

75 High Street SE
Calgary, AB
WALDEN
587-356-4327

130, 19606 Walden Blvd SE
Calgary, AB
Copyright © 2019 - Panther Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation Centres. All rights reserved.  Privacy Policy | Terms of Use

Website by iNet Media Ltd.

check linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram